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Dr. Kyne shares his research on Emergency Management and Disaster Response

Some Emergencies Call for More Than Just 911: Hear From Expert Dr. Dean Kyne on Disaster Response and Emergency Management

By Alex Johnson on Apr 18, 2019
If you fail to plan, you are planning to fail. Though this makes for great life advice to adhere to in our everyday personal lives, this saying has even greater relevance and significance in the fields of disaster and emergency response management. In today’s day and age where it seems every disaster (both natural and man-made) is getting worse and worse, with longer lasting negative impacts on society and our natural environment, it is paramount that all parties involved or affected are able to organize and manage the resources and responsibilities for dealing with all humanitarian aspects of emergencies (preparedness, response, mitigation, and recovery). Dr. Dean Kyne from the University of Texas Rio Grande Valley, USA, and editor-in-chief of International Journal of Disaster Response and Emergency Management (IJDREM) elaborates on why his research is necessary and how it is beneficial to communities during times of need in an IGI Global interview found below.

What inspired you to pursue research activities in your filed?

On December 26, 2004, the Indian Ocean tsunami stroked the countries in Asia. The catastrophic event killed more than 230,000. After witnessing the disaster event, I realized that managing the natural disaster was not a simple process with a straight forward standard operating procedure, but it was a complex process in which participation of all stakeholders including public and private sectors, non-government organizations, academics and practitioners, media, and citizens was vital. Since then, my curiosity has been escalating to understand how we could better manage emergency and disasters; and how we could achieve the ultimate goal of minimizing the risks and negative impacts on humans and their physical environments.

Why are your respective areas of research important to the field at large?

There are two main reasons why my areas of research are important to the field of disaster and emergency management at large. First, effectively managing both natural and man-made disasters requires concerted efforts by all key stakeholders. My studies provide better understanding of challenges, issues, and problems all stakeholders face in managing disasters and are key to effective emergency and disaster planning for mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery leading towards successfully managing the disasters and emergency. Second, it is the fact that it has been known for many decades that there are natural and man-made hazards that could trigger disasters or even catastrophic events when they intersect with the vulnerability of humans and their physical environment. However, we are still in the stage of coping with the challenges in the response and recovery activities. My studies point out that there is a need to adopt an integrated approach which balances our efforts and allocations of our resources for both proactive and reactive approaches. The first one emphasizes on disaster preparedness and planning whereas the latter one focuses on response and recovery.

In your opinion, what are some of the benefits of your research to its community of users?

My studies provide important perspectives on important concepts of disaster resiliency, minimizing vulnerability, and building social capital which could be applied to disaster preparedness, mitigation, response, and recovery. They also promote awareness of the integrated approach which calls for balancing our acts on both proactive and reactive approaches by providing useful information for managing emergency and disasters effectively.

What are the future directions of your research areas?

The frequency of disasters, their long-lasting impacts, and severity of their impacts have become a new normal for us. In the aftermath of every disaster whether it is a man-made or natural disaster, there is a realization that we should have done better job in preparedness and mitigation. Many disaster events have demonstrated that we still lack attention, efforts, and resources to better prepare and mitigate these events. We have witnessed the recent natural disasters including Hurricane Harvey, Irma, and Maria which demonstrated the increasing frequency in occurrence and their destructive power which could leave the survivors with lasting negative consequences. At this juncture, my studies will focus on application of useful concepts such as resiliency, vulnerability, social capital, and environmental justice to disaster and emergency management; identifying, assessing, and measuring risks for mitigation and planning; and understanding difficulties, challenges, and problems of concerned stakeholders in managing disasters effectively.

What are some other evolving research trends you have observed in your industry/field over the past several months and what would you say are some of the innovative research directions you foresee in the future? How do you feel your publication sets the pace for these innovations?

As stated earlier, we are facing disasters at a new normal with intensifying frequency and increasing intensity of their impacts with long lasting consequences. More innovative studies are likely to focus on effectively coping with challenges, and problems in managing disaster and emergency at this new normal era as well as building disaster resiliency in communities which are prone to future disasters. My research studies have set the pace for these research areas.

What has your experience publishing with IGI Global been like?

My publication experience with IGI Global has been wonderful. Editorial staff are kind and they always deliver their supports in a timely manner. It is a great honor and exciting moment to publish this new journal in the field of disaster response and emergency management at the IGI Global publishing house. This new journal showcases a new concept in which authors could earn a rewarding experience. Our journal editorial members care and treat authors with respect and provide the shortest blind review process.

We would like to thank Dr. Kyne for sharing his expertise on disaster planning, response and recovery, and vulnerability assessment.
Dr. Dean Kyne, along with Dr. William Donner are the editors-in-chief of the International Journal of Disaster Response and Emergency Management (IJDREM) which is a part of IGI Global’s world-renowned InfoSci®-Journals database, containing nearly 25,000 peer-reviewed articles with 1,000,000+ citation references sourced from 185+ scholarly journals. With an annual subscription (2000-2019) offered as low as US$ 5,100 US$ 3,825*, [one-time perpetual purchase for current volume year (2019) offered as low as US$ 5,000 US$ 3,750**], this database hosts key features such as full book download, no DRM, unlimited simultaneous users, and no embargo of content (research is available months in advance of the print release). Spanning across 350+ topics in 11 core subject areas — including business and management, computer science, education, government and law, social sciences and humanities, and more — this comprehensive research database is ideal for academic and research institutions.
Due to the overwhelming success of IGI Global’s Open Access (OA) Fee Waiver (Offset Model) Initiative that is offered through our InfoSci-Journals database (nearly 25,000 peer-reviewed articles sourced from 185+ scholarly journals), we have extended this initiative to apply to our InfoSci-Books database of 4,500+ reference books containing nearly 100,000 chapters focusing on emerging research.

    When your institution invests in IGI Global’s InfoSci-Journals and/or InfoSci®-Books databases, IGI Global will match the library’s investment with a fund of equal value toward subsidizing the OA article processing charges (APCs) for their faculty patrons at that institution when their work is accepted under OA into an IGI Global journal.***
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    Disclaimer: The opinions expressed in this article are the author’s own and do not reflect the views of IGI Global.
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